Red Spot Severum, Carassius Auratus
The Red Spotted Severum is a colour variant of the Gold Severum, where they are selectively bred to augment the red colouration present on the fish. All colour variants of Severum are very popular as they are one of the few larger and peaceful cichlids in the hobby and generally do not bother their tank mates. Red Spotted Severums are native to lakes and tributaries of the Amazon Basin in South America.
Feeding: It is omnivorous and will accept flakes, frozen, live, and freeze dried foods as well as vegetables. They seem to especially like frozen peas and lettuce with Romaine lettuce being a better choice than Iceberg. Be aware that Severums will eat live plants, so well placed plastic plants are a better alternative.
Sexing: Males of the species tend to be bigger, and broader over the chest. Females tend to be paler and lack some of the face markings that the males have. The males of this species also have more pointed dorsal and anal fins in comparison to the female. While these characteristics may help an experienced hobbyist, venting is the only sure way to determine the gender of juvenile fish.
Breeding: Severums are a substrate spawning species that breed on a flat surface. Both parents will protect their eggs and fry. The Severums dig a hole or clean a flat surface in the tank such as rock, on which to lay the eggs. Cichlid pairing behaviours such as lip-locking and tail-slapping typically precede the spawning and the spawn takes place over the spot the Severum have selected. To increase success in breeding, slowly lower pH to around 6.2. Once the eggs are laid and have been fertilized, they should hatch in around 3 to 5 days, depending on pH level and temperature. Fertilized eggs are light brown, and any eggs not fertilized will turn white in 1-2 days.
Ideal water parameters:
Please contact your local Real Aquatics store for availability.
Here is a 9-step guide to introducing new fish into your aquarium or pond. Always ensure fish are acclimatized properly in good quality water that has completed it's initial ammonia cycle, with compatible tank mates. Click here for a short guide for transferring fishes from bag to fish tank / pond water.